Hyacinth is particularly widespread also because it can be grown both on the ground and in pots and is very easy to find, also it is a perennial plant that does not need particularly expensive treatments, even if the average duration of a bulb is rather short, about 5-6 years.
There are many varieties of hyacinth, the most widespread carries the scientific name of Hyacinthus Orientalis and presents itself with many varieties of colors that cover a wide range from white to blue, passing through pink, orange, red and violet.
The beautiful flowers are gathered in clusters of the approximate dimensions of about twenty centimeters, they are called racemes and are easily recognizable not only for their characteristic shape but also for their intense perfume. The racemes are supported by a very consistent and vertical stem which is completely surrounded by the corollas.
Each flower is made up of six petals that open from the tubular shape to form a star, the leaves at the base are thick, elongated, with a straight edge and a bright and intense color.
Flowering occurs during the spring but, if cultivated in an apartment and properly cared for, it is possible to obtain a prolonged and early flowering already at the end of the winter period.
Climatic conditions, soil and fertilization
The hyacinth can be grown both in the open air and inside the apartment, but the cases are very different from each other and therefore it must act in a diversified manner.
If you choose to grow outdoor hyacinth the plant will be solid and lush because it is in optimal conditions, in this case choose an area where the plant is well radiated by sunlight, in fact the hyacinth needs a lot of light and loves mild temperatures, if it is planted in the garden it also tolerates winter temperatures well but it suffers frosts, so it is advisable to mulch the surrounding soil at the beginning of winter. The soil does not need to be prepared in a particular way, the substances contained in normal soil will suffice, with a good capacity to drain excess rainwater, which is medium soft and well moved before being planted.
If instead you decide to cultivate the hyacinth in pots inside an apartment you will have to choose a very bright position but not too close to the windows and that is not in direct contact with the sunlight, moreover the environmental temperature in this case must not go down below 13 degrees because the plant is not strong enough to tolerate it. The potted soil must be prepared with plenty of peat, at least half of the material housed in the pot, this to create a compound with good ability to absorb water but also able to avoid stagnation.
As said the hyacinth does not need a particularly rich soil of substances, it will be sufficient to add some slow release fertilizer of grains, if they can easily buy specific hyacinths from florists or nurseries, the indications concerning the dosage are generally quite abundant therefore it is advisable to reduce the indicated doses by at least 20% because the hyacinth plant is not so demanding.
Planting and watering
The hyacinth must be planted during the autumn season, the best choice is the beginning of October. Both in vado and on the ground the bulb must be placed at a depth of between 15 and 20 centimeters, and the plants must be distant from each other about a span. The bulb is then covered by compacting the earth with your hands and watering generously to make the earth around the bulb more united and to immediately facilitate the adaptation to a moist soil.
Eventually you can decide to plant the already sprouted seedlings, in this case the operation must be carried out at the beginning of spring.
Hyacinths appreciate a moist environment but should not be exceeded with watering because they suffer particularly from stagnant water, like most bulbous flowers. During the summer, in particular for the plants cultivated in the garden, one can abound with the waterings because the risk of stagnation is much less than for those grown in pots and the hyacinth loves the water that makes it more fleshy flowers and leaves brilliant.
Hyacinth flowers: flowering, pruning and diseases
The flowering of the hyacinth can begin in the month of March, precisely for this reason, in addition to its beauty and its intense and pleasant fragrance, it is among the flowers that most often find themselves embellishing the flower beds. This early flowering allows him to create patches of color that brighten the environment in months when the flowers are still rare and poorly developed.
The hyacinth does not require large pruning operations to grow healthy and lush, it will be sufficient to wait for the flowering period to end and remove the withered flowers using a knife or a pair of scissors with a straight and sharp and disinfected blade. This care favors the healing process and allows the plant to conserve energy and substances for the subsequent phases of its growth.
Hyacinth is generally not subject to parasites, in particular there are no species that selectively select this plant. Instead, as often happens between bulbous plants, it is particularly subject and is seriously compromised by fungi and molds that proliferate in the case of stagnant water, so it is a must to carefully treat the watering and choose the right soil if you want a beautiful plant and healthy.