There are many apples in the orchards every year. Gardeners harvest them for the winter, placing them in boxes with wood shavings. But this is far from the only way to preserve fruit for eating during the cold season. There are many recipes for original and tasty apple preparations: compotes, preserves, jams, marmalade. We will tell you about the most popular apple processing methods.
The specifics of harvesting apples for the winter
There are many varieties of this fruit in the world. Each is unique in its own way. It depends on the variety what taste the preparation will have for the winter. Some gardeners assure that only late varieties should be closed for the winter. Others argue that the early varieties are kept just as well. Among the many recipes, everyone will find a treat to their liking. For preparation for the winter, you should select the right fruits.
Features of the selection of products
Only late-ripening apples are left fresh in the winter. Jams and jams are made from summer varieties. For this purpose, the variety White filling is quite suitable. Apple juice is very useful. To prepare for the winter, it is best to squeeze the juice from Antonovka. Apples are also unique in that these fruits can be used unripe. Vinegar is prepared from unripe fruits, which is successfully used in cooking and traditional medicine. Gourmets will love the unusual cooking recipes combined with walnuts, lemon, ginger, bay leaves.
Blanks for the winter are packed in sterilized jars. The sterilization time depends on the container capacity. Half-liter jars are sterilized for a couple of 5 minutes, putting on a boiling kettle. Glass jars with a capacity of 1 liter are sterilized for 10 minutes. Large jars are poured with boiling water and left in a water bath for 30 minutes.
The blanks are rolled up with metal lids. They must be even and have good sealing rubber.
What can be made from apples at home
The list of dishes that can be prepared from apples for the winter is very wide:
- mashed potatoes,
This is not a complete list of recipes. Each housewife will choose the best dishes for herself and will be able to cook them on her own.
For drying, the Melba variety is best suited. You can dry any amount. The advantage of dried apples is that they do not take up much space. You can store them in a cloth bag or paper bags.
The fruits are washed and dried. Cut the washed fruits into 5 mm thick circles. Arrange the slices on the dryer. You can send them to an oven preheated to 100 degrees, and make sure that they do not burn. Sun drying is possible in good weather. Continue it until the maximum moisture loss. It is good to dry late-ripening, winter, apple varieties. They don't darken.
Many people love pickled apples. Whole fruits are selected without any signs of spoilage. Winter varieties are preferred. It is best to soak the fruit in wooden tubs, but you can use enamel and ceramic utensils.
The dishes are washed thoroughly.
Prepare the brine. A simple pickle is 10 liters of cold water, 10 g of table salt and a pound of sugar. The water is heated to a boil. Salt and sugar are dissolved in it. 10 kg of garden apples are placed in a prepared container. Pour in cooled brine. Put oppression on top. Store the workpiece in a cool place.
Cores are removed from 1 kg of apples. The peel is peeled. The fruits are cut into slices. Put in a saucepan and pour a glass of water. Heated to a temperature of 100 degrees. Keep on fire for 20 minutes. Then they cool. Grind in a blender or in another way. Add 150 g of sugar. Put on gas again and cook, stirring occasionally. Boiling indicates the readiness of mashed potatoes.
One of the dishes that is often cooked for the winter is apple jam. A kilogram of ripe fruit is boiled and mashed as described above. A pound of sugar is added to the puree and put on gas. The mass is brought to a boil and boiled for 30-40 minutes.
In the process, stir constantly so that the jam does not burn.
When ready, hot jam is quickly laid out in pre-prepared jars.
Marmalade is an excellent delicacy for the winter. It takes a long time, but it's worth it.
Wash 2.5 kg of fruit and cut into pieces. Fold in a saucepan, pour a glass of water. Cook apples over low heat until soft. Mash soft fruits with a blender or crush. Add 1.5 kg of sugar to the puree and cook until thickened over low heat for another 40 minutes. Put the thickened mass on a baking sheet covered with parchment paper. Smooth out with a spoon and place in an oven heated to 80 degrees for 2 hours. The finished marmalade is covered with parchment, turned over and left to cool and dry for a day. Cut it into pieces and store it in a cool place.
You can make jam from apples for the winter. To do this, a kilogram of fruit is sorted out, washed, cut into slices. The slices are poured into a basin, 300 ml of water is poured with the addition of a teaspoon of citric acid. After 15 minutes, the water is drained, 800 g of sugar are added to the apples. Everything is left for 12 hours. When the apple mass starts up the juice, it is put on gas, heated to a boil and boiled for 10 minutes. Then remove from heat and leave to cool. The process is repeated three times. After the third boil, the jam can be considered ready.
Adjika with apples
Adjika is made from sour apples. For cooking you will need:
- red tomatoes - 3 kg;
- sour apples - 1 kg;
- garlic - 3 heads;
- chili pepper - 200 grams;
- vegetable oil - 250 g;
- salt - 3 tbsp. l .;
- sugar - 100 g.
Wash tomatoes with apples, peel and mince. Put on gas and cook for 2.5 hours. Grind the hot peppers and garlic separately in a blender. Add to the boiled puree 30 minutes before the end of cooking. Put salt and sugar at the same time. Pour in vegetable oil. Add Adjika to glass jars prepared in advance.
Jam is one of the most delicious preparations for the winter. The fruits are peeled and peeled. Peeled apples should be 1 kg. The purification is filled with water and put on gas. Boil for 15 minutes, covering with a lid. Cut the peeled fruit into pieces. Pour half a kilogram of sugar and shake so that the sugar is evenly distributed. Hot apple broth is poured into a container with fruit.
The mixture is placed on the stove, heated strongly and boiled, removing the foams. While stirring constantly, the jam is brought to the desired density. This will take 30-40 minutes. The readiness of the jam is checked with a spoon: it is dripped onto a saucer, cooled for 30 seconds, then held over it with a spoon. If there are no traces left, a delicacy from fresh apples is ready for the winter.
Jelly is a delicious treat reminiscent of summer. It is easy to cook because the recipe is simple. A pound of fruit is washed, peeled and cut into quarters. Put in a saucepan, add half a liter of water and 150 g of sugar. All are simmered together until the apples are soft. Then rub through a sieve to obtain a sweet puree. Separately, 15 g of gelatin are dissolved in warm water. Gelatin is poured into applesauce and everything is mixed. The resulting mixture is poured into a prepared container. Store in small jars in the refrigerator.
Ketchup with plums
As homemade apple preparations for the winter, you can make ketchup with plums. For ketchup you will need:
- red tomatoes - 3 kg;
- plums and apples - 1 kg each;
- onions - 3 pcs.;
- sugar - 200 g;
- table vinegar - 50 ml;
- salt - 1 tbsp. l .;
- ground black pepper - 10 g;
- cloves and ground cinnamon - 5 g each;
- ground red pepper - 3 g.
Peel tomatoes, apples, plums and onions, cut into slices and roll in a meat grinder. Put the vegetable mixture on gas and heat to 100 degrees. After boiling, continue to cook for 2 hours over low heat. Stir with a wooden spoon in the process. Then remove the puree, cool and rub through a sieve. Add spices and simmer for another 40 minutes. 5 minutes before the end of cooking, pour vinegar into the ketchup and mix. Pour hot into jars.
Homemade preparations for the winter are inconceivable without apple compote. It's easy to roll it up. For compote, 3-liter cans are required. For 1 can take 750 g of fruit. They are washed, cleaned of seed pods. Cut into slices and put in a sterilized jar. Boil water in a saucepan. Fruits are poured into a jar with boiling water and allowed to stand for a quarter of an hour. Then the apple infusion is poured into a saucepan, 300 grams of sugar are added and allowed to boil. After 2 minutes of boiling, the apples are again poured with boiling syrup and covered with lids.
Apple juice for the winter can be prepared with sugar and without sugar. Juice is squeezed out of ripe fruits. Jars or bottles are prepared in advance. They must be rinsed and sterilized. The squeezed juice is poured into a saucepan.
Important: you cannot use aluminum cookware.
Put on fire and bring to a temperature of about 90 degrees. As soon as bubbles and foam begin to rise from the bottom, the gas is turned off, the foam is removed, and the juice is poured into a prepared container and closed for the winter.
You can process apples into vinegar. To prepare the vinegar, squeeze the apple juice. It is poured into sterilized jars, on the necks of which rubber gloves are put on, and left in a warm place. When the glove is inflated, pour the vinegar into another jar.
The neck is closed and brought to full readiness for another two months.
Rinse 2 kg of apples, cut into slices and put in a jar. Boil and cool 1 liter of water. Dilute half a liter of vodka in it. Pour the fruit with this composition. Close the jar with a lid and leave for two weeks. Then filter through cheesecloth. Prepare syrup from a liter of water and a kilogram of sugar. Mix chilled syrup, apple infusion and half a liter of vodka, pour into a jar, seal with a lid. Leave the mixture in a cool place. After 3 days, the liqueur will be ready. This is one of the options for rolling apples for the winter.
Apple tincture on moonshine is a great alternative to industrial alcoholic beverages. Two kilograms of washed and cut fruits are placed in a glass jar and poured with a liter of homemade moonshine. The jar is closed with a lid and insisted for 10 days. After that, the drink is ready for storage and consumption. The tincture can be stored in a jar. But it is better to filter through cheesecloth and pour into smaller containers, for example, into bottles.
For processing apples into marshmallows, their number does not matter. The fruit is washed. Peel and put in a saucepan as much as will fit. Add 250 g of water and cook over low heat, covered with a lid. As soon as the fruits are freely pierced with a fork, the water is drained, and the fruits are mashed using a blender. Cover the baking sheet with parchment paper and apply a thin layer of applesauce on it. The baking sheet is placed in the oven on the lowest heat. Do not close the door. Pastila is dried for 10 hours. When it stops sticking to your hands, it is carefully removed, rolled into rolls and cut into portions. It takes a lot of time, but the treats are worth it.
Freezing apples is the simplest of the preparations for the winter. The fruits should be washed and dried. Then cut them into wedges. Lay out the slices on plastic wrap so that they do not touch each other. In this form, they are sent to the freezer for 3 hours. When the slices are frozen, they are folded in bags and stored in the freezer.
Mustard with apples
Bake 3 washed apples in the oven until soft. Then the fruit should be cooled. Pour 3 tablespoons of vinegar into a saucepan, spread 3 pcs. cloves and add half a teaspoon of cinnamon. All together are heated to a boil, then cooled and rubbed through a sieve. Pour 40 g of mustard powder into applesauce and mix everything. Add a tablespoon of honey and vinegar mixture, mix again. Seasoning can be prepared for future use. Many delicious dishes are prepared with it.