Seedless grapes are bred by breeders all over the world. The group of varieties is valued for the lack of seeds in the fruit. Consider the description and the most important characteristics of the Venus grape, the advantages and disadvantages of the variety. How to prepare and plant a seedling, take care of it and an adult bush, how to protect against diseases, and how to prevent them. When and how to harvest and store.
Bred in the USA, at the University of Arkansas. Parental forms - Alden x NY-46000. As a result of crossing, a seedless hybrid was obtained, which was named Venus.
Description and characteristics of the Venus grapes
The variety belongs to the early maturing. The bushes are vigorous, the vines ripen well, the flowers are bisexual. The variety is well pollinated on its own, so finding other varieties nearby is not necessary. Venus has cylindro-conical clusters, medium density or loose. Weight - 200-500 g. Fruits are round, 2-3 g each, dark blue. In warm climates, they ripen in the 1st half of August. The pulp is juicy, slightly slimy, sweet, with a currant flavor. The skin is thin, there are no seeds. Fruit transportability is low.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The variety is resistant to cold, the bush can withstand up to -26 ° C, can be grown in a non-covering form on trellises and arbors.
Bush growing rules
In order for Venus grapes to grow and develop well, and then give an excellent harvest, it is necessary to choose a suitable place for it and plant a seedling correctly.
The Venus grape prefers sunny areas, but sheltered from strong winds. Can be planted next to buildings or fences, but at some distance from them. The selected area must be prepared: dig up, level the ground, dig holes for seedlings.
Preparing for landing
It is preferable to plant one- or two-year-old seedlings. These are the ones that are sold in stores. At a young age, they take root better. Before planting, you need to carry out a simple preparation: cut off the tips of the roots that have dried up, and lower the roots into a solution of a root formation stimulator. Leave for 0.5-1 days. Stimulation allows the seedling to take root faster.
If you need to plant more than one bush, but several, then they are placed at a distance of 2.5-3 m. Such an area is necessary for the plants to be provided with adequate nutrition and moisture.
How to plant: dig holes 0.5-0.7 m wide and deep. Pour drainage at the bottom, a layer of humus and ash on top, mix with plain earth. The land is necessary so that the roots of the bushes do not come into contact with fertilizer, which can burn them. Lower the root system into the hole, deepen it along the neck, sprinkle with soil. Condense it a little, water the plant. When the water settles, mulch the circle with vegetable mulch.
Mulch will help keep soil moisture longer, reduce the amount of watering, loosening and weeding. Weeds do not grow under a dense layer, the soil is not compacted, and remains moist.
Plant care recommendations
Caring for Venus grapes is not difficult for either experienced gardeners or beginners. All work is standard: watering, fertilizing, loosening the soil, pruning, shelter for wintering.
Like any plant, Venus grapes need to be watered. While the seedlings are rooting, they are often watered - at least 2 times a week. After root formation, you can water once a month. Adult bushes can already get water on their own, but in extreme heat and they need additional watering. 3-5 buckets of water are poured onto each plant. In a dry autumn, it is necessary to carry out water-charging irrigation.
Top dressing for Venus grapes is applied 3 times a year. The bushes are fed in the spring, as soon as the growing season begins, before flowering and after fruit setting. Both organic and synthetic fertilizers are used. 1-2 buckets of humus, 1-2 kg of ash are brought under each bush. In the 2nd and 3rd feeding, the content of phosphorus and potash fertilizers is increased.
Preparing the plant for winter
Despite the frost resistance, the roots of the grapes need to be insulated for the winter. To do this, cover the soil under the bushes with a thick layer of mulch. You can use straw, hay and fallen leaves. Under them, the roots breathe, oxygen is supplied to them. Shoots do not need to be covered, they ripen well and are not affected by frost.
Protection against diseases and pests
The Venus variety has a high resistance to diseases. He is not affected by mildew, gray rot and powdery mildew. But for prevention, plants should be sprayed with fungicide solutions until signs of the disease appear. When the fungal infection appears, you need to treat it again, but take the drugs in a therapeutic dose. In the period after the berries are set, it is necessary to use biological products that are less toxic than chemical ones, since the fruits ripen early, and toxic substances may remain in the plant by the time of collection.
Harvesting and storage
Early Venus grapes, you can pick the bunches in early August. At this time, the fruits gain sweetness and become juicy. Berries are suitable fresh for consumption, sale, processing. They can be used to cook canned foods, blanks, make juice and dry raisins. As a raw material for raisins, grapes of this variety are recognized as one of the best.
Like many early varieties, Venus has a short shelf life, so it needs to be either processed or sold. Ripe and undamaged brushes can be left for storage. Store in boxes in the basement or in a cool dry place. To extend the shelf life, the bunches need to be shifted with a layer of paper.
Venus is a seedless variety of American origin, but well adapted to the Russian climate. You don't need to cover it for the winter. Fruits ripen early, ready for use in August. For this, the variety is prized by gardeners who grow grapes for sale.