A deciduous shrub from the genus Rubus takes root in forests, where it forms dense thickets, it is planted in summer cottages and suburban areas for the sake of berries rich in vitamins and organic acids. During the first years of the season, 5–6 kg of fruits are harvested from one raspberry bush, but then the berries become smaller, and the yield drops. Powerful roots grow quickly, and time must not be missed to rejuvenate the culture. Many summer residents are sure that the optimal period for transplanting raspberries is summer, since the plants will have time to harden before the cold weather arrives. The exact date of the procedure is influenced by the climate.
Why and why you need to transplant
Not all summer residents are in a hurry to look for a new site for shrubs, since fruits, currants, gooseberries, and vegetables are grown in a small area. However, you need to transplant raspberries after 5 years, because:
- The taste and size of the berries deteriorate.
- The soil under the bushes is depleting.
- Pathogenic microorganisms that cause diseases are activated.
- The number of young shoots decreases.
When the plantings thicken, fruiting stops, the cultivated plant turns into unkempt green bushes, on which the ovary is not laid. In the thickets, pests start up, which spread throughout the site.
How to understand that it's time to transplant raspberries to another place
In older plants, the yield decreases. If the berries begin to become smaller, young shoots are not formed, the shrub has been growing on the same area for many years, it is necessary to look for a new place for the raspberry tree.
How often do you need to replant?
The berry bush drains the land greatly. In the soil, the amount of nutrients that are needed for the development of the plant decreases. There are fewer fruits on the branches, the taste of berries deteriorates, and the aroma disappears.
It is advisable to change the plot for raspberries every 5 years, but if the signs of aging in the bush are invisible, a good harvest will ripen, the period can be extended a little. However, even with proper care, it is not worth growing a shrub on one site longer than 10 years.
After which you can and cannot plant: crop rotation rules
Raspberries are comfortable along a fence or structure, where the wind blows less, but the sun's rays fall. Poor shrub predecessors are potatoes, peppers, and eggplants. Raspberries feel good in the place where they grew:
- calendula and onions;
- garlic and parsley;
- cabbage and cucumbers.
Frightens off pests of lupines, insects do not tolerate the smell of marigolds. You cannot select a place for a berry bush where it was previously grown, as well as in the vicinity of black currants or gooseberries.
Raspberry transplant terms (table)
Some summer residents are sure that work on preparing a site for placing young bushes should be started immediately after the snow melts, others believe that it is better to do this in autumn.
In the spring
Often, novice summer residents are interested in when to transplant raspberries to a new place if, after picking the berries, they did not have time to complete the procedure. In the southern regions, such works are often started in March. If spring is late, which is not uncommon for mid-latitudes, you should wait until the ground warms up and the frost on the ground stops.
It is recommended to transplant raspberries to another place in September, when the harvest has already been harvested, and the shoots have grown up. The stems are shortened by 15 centimeters and tied to a support. A few days later, the ground around the seedling is covered with straw and peat.
If there are not enough shoots, cuttings up to 20 cm long are cut, the blanks are stored in the basement in wet sand and moved to the ground not in the autumn, but when the next spring comes.
It is better to transplant raspberries, adhering to the schedule developed by specialists:
|Moscow suburbs||April, August, September|
|Northern regions||May, 3rd decade of August|
|South||March, from 15.09 to 15.10|
If leaves have blossomed on the bush, flowers or berries have appeared, the plant is not sent to a new place, it will not be able to take root.
The shrub is transplanted in August or even July, if necessary. The site must be carefully dug up or loosened well, watered and fed with herbal infusion. The procedure should be performed on a summer morning or late in the evening when the heat recedes.
Not everyone understands when to transplant remontant raspberries, because its berries are harvested 2 times per season - in June and August. Works are performed at any time of the year - in spring, autumn, or you can wait until the end of summer.
The shrub grows well on loose soils, prefers loams, feels fine on sandy lands, but then the bushes will have to be watered often. Despite the fact when to transplant raspberries, in autumn or summer, you need to decide on the place in advance. In the first year, it is necessary to find out the composition of the soil, if it is acidic, lime is added. Next spring, it is advisable to sow zucchini or cucumbers.
Selecting and preparing a place for transplant
The area for raspberries is dug no less than 10 cm in depth, the remains of plants are pulled out by the roots. The earth is leveled and brought in:
- rotted manure;
- potash fertilizer.
Sand is added to the peat soil.
You cannot pick up a place for raspberries, where the water comes close to the surface.
Planting holes and trenches: dimensions
If the bush has an open root, it is not recommended to use manure that you managed to overheat, otherwise it is fraught with burns. Raspberries are planted in the prepared area using one of the methods - tape or bush.
Holes with a diameter of 30 cm are dug to the same depth every 0.5 m. Between the rows, leave from one and a half meters to two. The seedlings are sent to the pit by treating the root with a mullein solution.
A trench is dug to the same depth and width of 40 cm, an interval of 50 to 70 cm is made between the rows. 3 or 4 bushes are placed at 2 m.
Preparing the soil
Sawdust is poured at the bottom of the pit, the remains of trees are thrown so that they rot and turn into fertilizer. Humus and ash are introduced before transplanting. The top layer of soil is removed, and then the pit is sprinkled with the same soil.
Selection and preparation of planting material
It is advised to update the raspberry tree gradually and in parts. To do this, take the strongest shoots up to 10 mm in diameter with developed roots. Immediately before the procedure, they are shortened and placed in prepared holes and trenches.
Raspberry size for transplant
In order for the plant to quickly take root and begin to develop, young shoots with a stem height of up to 15 cm are dug up from bushes that bear fruit well. These offspring are rooted in a temporary bed or separated from parent bushes in the fall and, if they grow up to 0.7 m, they are immediately sent to a permanent place.
Pruning before transplanting
Annual shoots of raspberries are shortened to 20-25 cm from the base and placed, depending on the method chosen, in holes or trenches. Excess young growth is cut out.
Methods and technological sequence of transplant
In order for the bush to begin, only healthy shoots are used, the site is prepared in advance, trenches or holes are dug. For spring or summer planting, the same technology is used:
- with the tape method, raspberries are placed in 2-3 lines every 60 cm with an indent of 1.7 m;
- with the bush method, single shoots are planted at the same distance from each other;
- with an ordinary method, an interval of 50 cm is left between plants, between plantings - 2 meters.
After the procedure, the ground under the raspberries is covered with straw or mulched with peat, due to which moisture is retained, weeds do not grow.
Transplanting shoots in compliance with the technology promotes rooting. When propagating raspberries, it must be borne in mind that in low-lying areas it can die, because it does not tolerate stagnant moisture.
Berry bushes are irrigated 3 or 4 times a month, no more than 4 buckets of water are applied under one plant. In a drought, raspberries are watered more often.
Having cut off the top, the shoots are placed from north to south, protected from the wind by a fence or picket fence.
Blooming raspberry transplant
When buds appear on the branches of a berry bush, which happens in early June, the plant must be fed. At this time, the heat already sets in, and the shoots will not take root. To transplant raspberries, which can be done in autumn or early spring, a large amount of fertilizer is applied to the soil.
The shoots 2 m long are moved to a new place when their diameter reaches 10 mm.
With the depletion and waterlogging of the soil, the accumulation of pathogenic microorganisms and pests in it, as well as with the crushing of berries, the most powerful annual bushes that have already borne fruit have to be moved to a new site.
To find out how to correctly complete the step-by-step process of transplanting, the instructions will help:
- Prepare and fertilize the soil.
- Make holes or trenches.
- Dig in raspberries from all sides, holding the shovel vertically.
- The bush is removed along with the soil.
- Divide into several parts using a garden knife.
- The roots of each plant are straightened.
- They put the bush in a hole, deepening the neck by 20 or 30 mm.
- Soil is poured on top and immediately compacted.
The raspberries are watered abundantly. When the earth dries up, the bed is mulched with straw.
Transplanting an old adult bush and dividing it
In the spring, after the snow has melted, a plant that is 5 or 6 years old is dug in from all sides and removed along with the root. An adult bush is divided with a garden pruner so that 2 or 3 stems remain. Peat and sand are poured into pits 40 cm deep, parts of raspberries are placed.
Transplanting root shoots or offspring
Young shoots are formed from the adventitious buds of the bush. It is best to propagate raspberries with their help in the spring. By that time, the height of the root shoots will reach 20 cm. By the fall, the trunk of the offspring will have time to stiffen, therefore, when planting, the stem is shortened by half. Holes or trenches are dug as for an adult bush, the root collar is buried a couple of centimeters.
We transplant remontant raspberries
This type of berry plant is distinguished by long-term fruiting, it is immune to fungal infection. A feature of remontant raspberries is an excess of shoots that need to be cut out. With proper care, these varieties yield up to 15 years of harvest.
In areas protected from dry wind, remontant raspberries are planted in a bush method, placed in a checkerboard pattern of 6 plants. Fruit-bearing branches are tied to pegs.
When using the trench method, in the fall, the site is freed from weeds, fertilized with manure. The bushes are placed in one or 2 rows, leaving 50 cm between them, the ground is covered with non-woven material.
In spring, remontant raspberries are planted in the same way as other varieties of berry crops:
- The roots are soaked in a solution of copper sulfate.
- Placed in holes or trenches to a depth of 0.5 m, pre-fertilized with manure, ash, peat and superphosphate.
- The soil is carefully tamped and watered.
The bushes are shortened so that 2 or 3 buds remain on the surface of the shoot. One plant in a hot period requires irrigation at least 2 times a week. When planting remontant raspberries in the fall, the shoots are cut to the very root and mulched with manure, which saturates the soil with nutrients.
Proper care of transplanted raspberries
So that the young bushes in the spring start faster, do not burn out under the hot rays of the sun, they put pegs, stretch the fabric that shades the seedling. The soil under the roots of raspberries should not dry out, so it should be watered regularly. The first time fertilization is applied in a month. Each summer resident has his own secrets, some feed the bushes with the growth stimulator "Kornevin".
Young raspberry care includes pruning shoots, disease prevention, and pest control. In mid-latitudes, annual plants are sheltered for the winter.
To enjoy the harvest in the country, you need not to miss the period when it is not too late to transplant raspberries.