25 types of ground cover perennials for the garden with descriptions of plants

25 types of ground cover perennials for the garden with descriptions of plants

Among the many plants, perennial ground cover flowers are especially distinguished. A wide range of colors allows them to be used in landscape design. The leaves sit tightly on the stems, visually creating a delicate green canvas, like a living carpet. Buds of different shades stand out against their background. Ground cover species are unpretentious to care for, light-loving, there are winter-hardy varieties, they are resistant to diseases and pests.

Variety of ground cover perennial flowers

Ground cover flowers look like carpet plants, living pillows, mossy bumps. Decorativeness allows you to use living carpets in landscape design, combine with other dwarf trees, flowers.

Low-growing ground covers for summer cottages

Undersized perennial flowers help to hide unsightly places from the eyes, bald patches in the country. It is enough to plant a bush, over time it will grow into a living rug. With their help they create tiers, decorate flower beds.

Loose mint

Meadow tea or loose leaf tea with thin creeping salad-colored stems. The buds are small, yellow in color, grow in the axils of the leaves.

Creeping thyme (thyme)

Thyme grows as a semi-shrub. The flowers are small, purple in color. The stem is creeping.

Omphalodes (umbilical cord)

The plant is shade-tolerant. It blooms with extraordinary bright blue flowers, like forget-me-nots.

Saxifrage

Leathery leaves, white delicate saxifrage flowers will decorate hard-to-reach places on a rocky surface. Flowering lasts 4 weeks.

Phlox subulate

Depending on the variety, the growth of the phlox stem varies from 20 to 110 centimeters. The color of the flowers is white, red, purple. There are bicolor varieties.

Bryozoan

The herbaceous plant bryozoan creates cushions on lawns. The greenery resembles moss. The flowers are small, fragrant.

What about the price

Acene grows in low shrubs. The leaves are purple. Flowers, like copper thorns, cover the rug. A plant with a high survival rate.

Veronica

Herbaceous perennials Veronica amaze with the extraordinary color of the buds - bright blue. Occasionally there are white, pink shades. Flowers are collected in a spikelet.

Shade-loving

There are groundcover flowering plants that are not afraid of shade.

Saxifrage

Saxifrage grows in rock crevices. Has the ability to destroy them.

Clefthoof

The evergreen clefthoof is named for its unusual leaf shape. The flowers are tiny and hard to see.

Periwinkle

The periwinkle is adapted to all growing conditions: light, shade. The leaves are green, as if varnished. The flowers are sky blue.

Woolly chisel

Small bushes of the chitosene reach 30-60 centimeters in height. Leaves are gray-green, with villi. Bloom from June to September. The buds are light lilac.

Plants creeping on the ground

Creeping perennial bright flowers are of great benefit to the soil. Carpeting prevents weathering of the earth, gives insects shelter, regulates metabolic processes. Buds bloom profusely on a green background. There are varieties without flowering, but the decorativeness of the plant does not suffer, due to the expressive foliage. Flowers are mostly miniature.

Carnation herbal

Among the relatives of the common carnation, there is the herbal carnation. The color of the petals is crimson, red, white with a bright border. Flowers will decorate any flower bed, flower garden, garden. The stem is 20 centimeters long. They grow in one place for 2-7 years without requiring a transplant. They reproduce by self-seeding. In care, unpretentious specimens. The flowering period is 45 days. They grow on slopes and plains.

Iberis evergreen

The herald of heat is called evergreen Iberis. Its leaves can be seen in the snowy patches. A specimen grows with a bush 30 centimeters high, 100 in diameter. Leathery, evergreen leaves.

The flowering of the bush is abundant, it is difficult to see the green mass. The buds fade after 30 days. For the winter, the ground part is cut off. The next year the bush will grow compact. Iberis loves light, but can grow in little shade. In the spring, the bushes are fed once. Iberis looks great in alpine slides, in open areas, among stones.

Boudra

The budra flower is often called "catnip". In the wild, it grows everywhere: in Europe, Asia, North America. One of the few varieties that can bloom in partial shade. Leaves are rounded, with uneven edges, green or variegated. They have a delicate aroma.

They grow culture in an apartment, on the street. Joint planting with other flowers is suitable. Budra in the process of growing at home requires the formation of a bush. Moreover, they create the most unusual form. It all depends on the gardener's imagination. On the street, budra grows like a ground cover plant, creating a dense carpet.

Yaskolka

The creeping chrysalis plant loves nutritious, loose soil. If you want to plant in rocky soil, add a peat bog. It helps keep moisture in. The landing site is sunny. Drafts, winds are not afraid.

Chickweed - with straight stems. The height of the bush is 20 centimeters, the girth in diameter is 70. The culture blooms in small five-petal inflorescences. The color is white. Ideal for carpeting. Blooming laskolka resembles snowdrifts on flower beds. Abroad it is called "snow in summer".

The chickweed enters the flowering phase at the beginning of summer and continues to delight with inflorescences for 30 days. The decorativeness of the plant remains after flowering thanks to the bluish leaves.

Aubrieta

The stalk of the aubriet stretches up to 15 centimeters, spreads 25 centimeters to the side. The genus has 12 species. Gardeners use hybrids more often.

Inflorescences during flowering cover the green mass with a dense rug. Petals of small flowers are oval and back ovoid. Each flower has 4 drooping petals. Flowering takes place in a short time, when compared with other species, time - 30 days. The color of the inflorescences is blue, violet, purple.

Flattened, brown seeds sit in swollen pods. The species is propagated by the seed method, cuttings. Seeds germinate in 28-30 days. Seedlings bloom one year after planting.

Arabis

Arabis is grown as an annual and perennial plant. The flower is stretched up to 30 centimeters. The racemose inflorescences are 1.5 centimeters. In diameter, they can be double, white, lilac, pink. Pleasant aroma.

Plants are undemanding to care for. Bloom begins in mid-spring. After flowering, flat pods with seeds appear. The culture is propagated by the seed method. Flowering is observed in the second year. Grows well on sandy soils, sunny areas. Care is required: watering, weeding, loosening, feeding.

Iberis

Iberis grows as a shrub, like an annual plant. Differs in frost resistance. During flowering, the green mass of the plant is covered with a snow-white carpet of umbrella inflorescences. Iberis decorates not only open areas, but also a terrace and a balcony. A honey aroma fills the space around.

Its ease of care makes it popular with gardeners. Shoots are erect or lodging. The height of the Iberis is 20-30 centimeters. The flowers on the bush are small, but bloom so profusely that it is difficult to notice the greenery. Decorative varieties are used to create flower arrangements. After flowering, pods with seeds are formed.

Ground covers blooming all summer

In the summer, the following varieties delight with flowering.

Sedum (sedum)

Stonecrops are grown in open and closed ground. Often girls weave wreaths from them, especially for a holiday. When cut, stonecrops retain their original appearance for a long time. According to legend, it is considered a witch's flower. It is not recommended to throw the wreath away. It is necessary to wait until it completely disintegrates, then burn it. Or give it to animals.

Stone, concrete voids are masked with sedum. Used in alpine slides. Flowers look like stars in different shades. Petals with a pleasant aroma, excellent honey plants. The genus stonecrop has 600 species. The stem length varies from 20 to 40 centimeters. Several species are grown. Sedum is used for medicinal purposes.

Purslane

The purslane plant can be annual and perennial. Shoots with succulent stems extend to the surface of the earth. The buds are solitary, apical, axillary, some sit in groups of 2-3 pieces. Flowering begins in May and lasts until mid-autumn.

The fruit is a capsule with numerous seeds. Germination remains up to 3 years. The plant is thermophilic, it gives flowers only in sunny areas. They do not bloom in partial shade. Purslane is not demanding on the soil; it grows on poor and stony soils. Drought tolerant.

Used in flower beds, alpine hills. They are planted on the balcony - in boxes, containers. Decorate the southern slopes. Purslane propagates by seed, cuttings.

Alissum

The shoots of the plant are highly branched. The bushes stretch up to 40 centimeters. Plants bloom for a long period if wilted inflorescences are cut off. The color of the buds can be of all tones.

Use in landscape design

Gardeners cannot do without ground cover flowers in landscape design. They look great in open areas, decorate lawns. For walking, paths are laid out with a decorative stone.

The color scheme has the ability to play. For example, plant varieties of white flowers with red, bright pink. Dilute purple with yellow. Perennials look great in the foreground, shading the background. Combine ground cover flowers with tulips, bells.

You cannot do without ground cover bright colors in the construction of rockeries, alpine slides. Plants take root in poor soils. This characteristic allows the use of flowers on the slopes, rock gardens. Combine with low-growing trees: azalea, juniper, barberry. Flowers mask unsightly places in the garden.

Features of caring for perennial ground cover

Ground cover flowers love light. Some varieties can grow in partial shade. Plants grow well in the southern regions. For the winter they are cut off, covered with spruce branches, foliage.

Flowers need constant watering. The exception is perennial varieties for alpine slides - they can do without watering.


Watch the video: 18 Great Ground Cover Plants - Choose the Best for your garden