Each gardener seeks to plant an apple tree on his site. It is considered the most common fruit and berry crop. The variety of varieties makes you think about the right choice. The Land apple tree has a significant number of advantages that make this variety popular in many regions of the country. Winter-hardy and not picky to care for, the tree brings abundant, regular harvests. Juicy sweet apples are full of healthy and nutritious elements.
Description of the apple tree variety
The Land variety is represented by undersized apple trees. Bred by a group of scientists at the South Ural Research Institute. The variety became widespread in the Urals. Due to its peculiarities, the variety is cultivated in many regions of the country:
- The height does not exceed 2 m.
- The harvest is regular and abundant.
- High level of winter hardiness.
- Excellent taste of the fruit.
The Land variety has several forms:
- Natural elite.
- Dwarf subspecies.
The natural elite is an apple tree shape. Its peculiarity is the creeping crown. The branches of the tree do not go up, but stretch along the ground. A similar option can be created manually: a young tree is bent down, fixed with hooks, a load. Slate molds have many advantages:
- Height - no more than 45 cm. In winter, the apple tree is better covered with snow, which prevents it from freezing.
- Fruiting occurs 2 years after planting.
- Shales adapt more quickly to environmental conditions. They are not injured by gusty winds, drafts.
A dwarf apple tree grows up to 2 m.Such forms are popular for the presence of numerous advantages:
- Trees take up little space on the site. This allows many seedlings to be planted.
- Early fruiting. The first harvest is 2-3 years after planting.
- This shape makes it easier to pick the fruit. The branches are at the level of the gardener's eyes.
The characteristic features of the Land apple tree determine the process of planting care, a favorable region for placement, a suitable place for a seedling.
The crown of the Ground is flat-round in shape. Formed from medium shoots. The greenish nut branches are perpendicular to the central conductor. Large leaves are like an elongated oval with finely serrated edges. In some cases, the foliage is slightly pubescent.
The Land variety is partially self-fertile. For a bountiful harvest, pollinators are needed:
- Autumn stunted.
Productivity and frequency of fruiting
Apple tree fruiting, regular. The variety bears a harvest every year. Up to 130 kg of sweet fruits are harvested from one planting. The amount of harvest increases with the age of the apple tree.
The Grounded apple tree is considered a frost-resistant variety. She tolerates temperatures down to -40 well.
Disease and pest resistance
Trees of the Prizemlennye variety poorly tolerate fungal infections. They have a weak resistance to a common disease - scab.
The taste characteristics of the variety are highly appreciated by gardeners. Juicy fruits are considered an excellent option for dessert, sweet preservation.
Delicious and nutritious apple
Apples of the Landy variety are full of useful and nutritious elements. Sweet pulp contains sugar, ascorbic acid. In order to remove sourness from the taste of fruits, to make them sweeter, you must adhere to a certain regimen.
In summer, the temperature should not drop below 22 degrees.
The benefits and harms of eating fruits
The use of the fruits of the Prizemene variety will bring significant benefits to the human body:
- Replenish iron deficiency.
- They will become a source of magnesium, potassium, which contribute to the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
- Due to the presence of vitamin C in the composition, it is considered an excellent prevention of colds.
Apples are harmful if consumed excessively. The high fiber content of fruits can exacerbate colitis if you overeat sweet fruits.
Planting an apple tree: what you need to know
Planting a young seedling Ground is an important procedure. Further growth, development of the plant depends on its implementation.
Working with soil
The first stage is the preparation of the site and soil.
Choosing a landing site
The best option for an apple tree Land is the sunny side of the site. The seedling requires protection from wind and drafts. Particular attention is paid to groundwater. They should not be close to the surface. Excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the root system.
Preparing the soil
The apple tree prefers light soil, without limestone, salt, moisture. Before planting, the site is dug up, cleaned of debris. Part of the land is mixed with organic fertilizers, humus is added.
Digging a hole
Before the formation of the pit, take into account the peculiarity of the variety.... The roots of an adult tree are several times larger than its crown. The main part of the root system goes 60-50 cm underground... The planting hole should be 70-80 cm deep, with a diameter of 100 cm.
How far apart should trees be planted?
The distance between seedlings depends on the form of their cultivation. The stanza needs a lot of space around it. The second tree is planted after 3 m. Dwarf varieties are located at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other.
Selection of seedlings
The seedling for planting must have a healthy root system. The same color and uniform root structure is a sign of quality. It is important that the shoots of the young apple tree are flexible, not dry.
The best time to plant
The planting period of a landed seedling depends on the region. In the southern regions, the plant is planted in the fall. The tree will have time to adapt before the onset of cold weather. In regions with more severe winters, planting is carried out in early spring.
This will prepare the apple tree for a cold snap, will strengthen the root system in a new place.
What and for what to do when planting seedlings
When planting an apple tree, you need to follow a simple algorithm:
- Choose a seedling.
- Find a place to place the tree.
- Prepare the soil.
- Dig a hole.
- Lower the cutting into the recess, spread the roots, sprinkle with earth, tamp.
- If necessary, a peg is placed next to the seedling for additional fixation of the young planting.
- The tree is watered abundantly.
The root collar of the apple tree remains on the surface. This will prevent the bark from rotting.
Growing the Ground
The Land variety grows quickly. In the 3-4th year after planting, the first fruits are harvested. It is important to take into account the peculiarities of the species to provide the necessary care.
How to care for a tree
Apple tree care is simple: watering, pruning, fertilizing, preventing plant diseases and insect pests. Correct, timely execution of procedures is the key to a healthy tree.
The crown of the Land variety is formed in several stages:
- Before kidney formation, the main conductor is shortened by 20% of the total length.
- The subsequent trimming is repeated according to the same parameters.
- In the warm season, dry, damaged branches are removed before sheltering for the winter.
Leaving during flowering
During the flowering period of the apple tree, they support the plant with fertilizing with useful substances, provide timely, regular watering. It is not recommended to prune branches, spray the tree with chemicals.
The Land variety is watered from May to October. The reason for the first hydration is the beginning of the flowering period. An adult tree needs abundant watering once every 2 weeks. A young seedling is moistened as the soil around the trunk dries.
The Land variety is not resistant to a number of fungal diseases. A number of measures will minimize the risk of disease or cure the affected plant:
- Before flowering, the apple tree is sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux liquid. It will rid the tree of scab and moniliosis, and will be an excellent prevention.
- Applying ferrous sulfate before bud break will also prevent scab and moniliosis.
- In case of acute development of the disease, it is recommended to use purchased chemicals.
The apple tree is harmed by caterpillars, lichens, aphids. An excellent folk remedy for insects is ash. The plant is watered with infusion from this component.
Top dressing of an apple tree
An excellent fertilizer for the Land variety in the spring is ammonium nitrate. At the stage of flowering and fruit formation, the tree is fertilized with phosphorus nutrient mixtures. Before the onset of cold weather, organic fertilizers are applied.
The Land variety is considered early-growing. It brings its first crop 3 years after planting.
Harvesting the harvest
Apple trees produce a bountiful harvest on a regular basis. Its volumes are increasing every year.
Apples ripen by the end of September. Ripe fruits are harvested immediately after reaching maximum ripeness.
The fruits of the Prizemlennye variety are distinguished by a long shelf life - up to 60 days after being cut off. Please note: long-term storage will negatively affect the pulp of apples.
Apples must be transported over long distances. Thanks to their long shelf life, they can be transported without compromising their appearance and taste.
Cooking and other uses of apples
The fruits of the variety are used for cooking compotes, preserving jam, jam, jam. Fresh apples are considered a great dessert option.
About growing regions
Numerous advantages of the variety make it possible to cultivate fruit and berry crops in many regions of the country.
A high index of winter hardiness allows you to grow a tree at low temperatures in Siberia without the use of measures for warming the plant.
The Land variety was developed in the Urals with a focus on growth and development in this region. The apple tree perfectly adapts to environmental conditions.
An excellent option for planting the Land variety - southern regions:
- Krasnodar, others.
The Land Apple tree is planted in many regions of the country. A distinctive feature of the tree is winter hardiness. Abundant and regular harvests annually delight gardeners. The excellent taste of apples made the variety popular among other fruit crops.